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Sightseeing locations
- Korcula
- Vis
- N.P.Lastovo
- Zlarin
- N.P.Kornati

KORCULA ISLAND

Korcula map
Click on images to enlarge


On Wikipedia you can reed lots of interesting details about this unique island. For sightseeing over land I find most interesting Southeast end of the island. Here you can visit old city Korcula which is surrounded by towers and old city walls. You can on first glimpse see it was not just some old city. In ancient times Korcula was one of most powerful regions in Mediterranean. Lots of interesting people came out of Korcula but most famous is Marco Polo. His house is today museum in center of the city.
Rich history, preserved nature, good food and Mediterranean mentality make this place unique.

korcula divingaaaaaaaaKorcula sailing

Next to Korcula city is beautiful sand beach ''Lumbarda'' where lots of night life goes on during June and August. Driving over the island is nice experience as everything is covered with forests, vineyard and olive trees.

How ever best places to see on Korcula are not from the land but from the sea as there is only one main road over the island. This offers boats to have nice little bays and islands to themselves.

Korcula aaaaaaaaKorcula city

It is easy to rent scoters and cars on Korcula and go explore. But there is also regular bus service connecting all villages and towns. Ferries regularly connect Vela luka and Split or Korcula and Orebic on Peljesac peninsula.

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VIS ISLAND

Map of Vis

Vis has always been an island of fishermen and winegrowers. Komiza on the island of Vis is considered the cradle of fishing in the Adriatic, and in times gone by, the Komiza fishermen where well known in all Mediterranean harbors as experts in their field. Today the Fishing Museum in Komiza shows the famous history of the Vis fishermen.

Komiza on VisaaaaaaaaaVis diving

It is said that the first grape vine in Dalmatia was planted by the ancient Greeks and that it was planted on a Vis field.

The Greek writer Agatarhid said that the wine from Vis was, compared to all others, better.

The most famous authentic white wine is definitely the famed Vis Vugava, which you can try in numerous restaurants and cellars on the island.

Komiza harbor
Vis bay
Komiza harbor
Vis harbor

If we add to this unique historical, cultural, and natural heritage the beautiful crystal clear sea, stunning hidden beaches, bays and islands, kind hosts and comfortable accommodation in private houses and apartments , it is clear why Vis is the favorite tourist destination for those visitors who want to try the unique and almost gone authentic Mediterranean environment and way of life.

Stiniva on Vis
View from Komiza
Stiniva bay
Sunset in Komiza

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History

The first people settled in Vis in 3000 B.C. They were of Mediterranean background. In 2000 B.C. they were pushed aside by the Illyrians which formed their own government in the fifth and sixth century B.C.
The Sirakuski tyrant of Dimitrij the Elder in approximately 397 years B.C. established his colony on Vis and its settlers expanded their influence towards the central- Dalmatian islands.
The Illyrian king Agron I and queen Teuta, who where defeated by the Romans in 219 B.C., threatened the authority of Vis (Issa). Since then Issa has acknowledged the authority of Rome.

Komiza


After the downfall of the Western Roman Empire (year 476), Vis at one time acknowledged the authority of the Goths and then the Byzantines.

The Croats started settling in Vis in the seventh century.
Vis was occupied and destroyed by the Venetians and under Venetian authority from 1420. With peace in Campoformio in 1797, Venice hands it over to Austria, and after peace in Požun in 1805 it comes under the French who fortify it. In March 1811, the English fleet struck a hard defeat to the French-Italian fleet and occupied Vis.

Diving on Vis

By Regulations of the Vienna Congress of 1814, it was returned to Austria till 1918 when it was occupied by the Italians. In 1921, by the Rapal Contract, it belonged to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenians. In 1941 it was occupied by the Italians under whose government it stayed until the capitulation of Italy in 1943.

After this it became the military-navy base of the Partisan army in socialistic Yugoslavia, Vis was closed to outsiders because of its strategic position (this regulation was terminated in 1989) and the entire island was turned into a large military fort.

Blue cave
fish on Vis
Blue cave
Fish exploring

But this isolation, however difficult it was for the inhabitants of the island of Vis, placed Vis among the favorite destinations of the entire Mediterranean when Croatia  became independent. Beautiful beaches, preserved nature, ecological agriculture and preserved traditional architecture are unique advantages of this unique island.

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LASTOVO

Lastovo Map

Lastovo is surrounded by bays, small and big islands, cliffs, passages and hidden harbors. Immediately you can realize why it was used as main pirate island in Mediterranean sea during 7th and 8th century. Today this is a Nature park whit one of most preserved eco systems in Europe. Diving is a MUST DO to be able to appreciate all the beauties of this island, but renting scooters and exploring the island from within is best way to see all the hills, small towns and villages..

Lastovo
Lastovo diving
Going for a dive
Sightseeing

 

Lastovo is famous for its wine, once enjoyed by the Roman emperors, and since the sea surrounding the island is the richest fishing area in the Adriatic, Lastovo truly offers a superb gastronomic experience.

Struga light house
Sunset on Lastovo
Struga lighthouse
Sunset on Lastovo

 

History

Name of the island

Early in history, Greek sailors from South colonies, sailing with their products to historic Illyria, named the island Ladesta, Ladeston or Ladoston, because of its similarities to the island Lado in the Ionic sea. Romans gave the island its Latin name – Insula Augusta – Emperor’s island. During the Middle Ages this name would be transcribed as Augusta, Lagusta, Lagosta. Slavic suffix –ovo combined with Roman form of Lasta gives the island present name of Lastovo.

Bjelac on Lastovo
Bjelac lastovo



History of the island

First traces of human life on the island were found in cave Rača, where continuous evidences of habitation reach as far as the late Neolithic Age.
Slavs and Neretvians inhabit it in 7th and 8th century. Because of constant attacks on his ships Venetian Doge Pietro Orseolo II conquered the island  in 998  and completely destroyed the settlement, so people of Lastovo decided to build a city on a hill away from the coast, where the town Lastovo lives to this day.

Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos mentioned Lastovo in the 10th century.
In the 13th century Lastovo voluntarily joined to the Dubrovnik Republic, after the Republic promised that it would honor Lastovo's internal autonomy and traditions.
Lastovo’s Statute provides evidence the island’s autonomy was complete in 1310  and only partially lost in 1486. Continuous limitation of the island's autonomy and higher taxes led to a rebellion in 1602. Venice occupied the island the following year and held on to it until 1606  when it was returned to Ragusa (Dubrovnik Republic). The next attempt at rebellion was in 1652  which resulted in a complete loss of the island's autonomy.

In 1806  the French abolished the Republic of Ragusa and Lastovo became a part of the French Empire.

British took over the island in 1813 and occupied it until 1815 when it became a part of the Habsburg Empire.
Austria brought progress. New lighthouses, census, assets inventory, safe administration and tax management mark the new, better era.
Political changes in Europe, followed by WWI and WWII leave Lastovo dependant on the will of temporary governments.

Italian occupation of Lastovo lasted since November of 1918 till September of 1943.
In 1945 Lastovo became a part of the Federal Peoples' Republic of Yugoslavia and in 1952 one of the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Republic Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. However, Peoples’ Army of Yugoslavia didn’t leave their military bases on Lastovo until July 1992.
That was the end of any foreign governance over Lastovo and Croatia.
Safari around it is best way to really see it all.

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ZLARIN ISLAND

Zlarin island

Known as the "golden island" for its unspoiled beauty, Zlarin is an island of pines, sandy beaches, idyllic coves and one traditional village. Only about 8sa km, Zlarin is separated from the mainland by the Sibenik channel and from other islands in the Sibenik archipelago by the Zlarin channel.

Zlarin island

Zlarin is most famous for its unique culture based upon harvesting coral and turning it into jewelry and ornaments. The inhabitants of Zlarin have been fishermen and sailors from time of first settlers in Dalmatia and were the first coral fishermen on the Adriatic. There's a "coral museum" in Zlarin to explain how the beautiful red coral jewelry is made and of course there are shops to buy coral objects.

Red Coral

Traces of Illyrian and Roman settlements have been found in Zlarin. From the 13th to the 19th centuries, the island was in the possession of Sibenik bishops and of a few noble families. In the 16th and 17th centuries refugees from the Turkish invasions swelled the local population which was depleted once more after WWII when a weak economy prompted many to emigrate.

Zlarin Island

A beautiful sandy beach, ample greenery and a peaceful ambience have encouraged the development of tourism in Zlarin which is easily reachable from Sibenik. However it is even in main season not spoiled by tourists, as it is not a destination for crazy party but for relaxing and enjoying life on a slow, humane way. There are few nice old stile restaurants where you can try traditional dishes prepared in old stile way.

Sailing on Zlarin


You can also have a walk around the vineyard and olive trees all the way to top of the island where is a lookout for fires in the area. View from here is amazing, it is sad that from here on a nice day you can see one third of entire Adriatic.

Sailing and sea are main and most important parts of Zlarin culture still today.
So when you are sailing in to Zlarin take care, as manny konwing eyes will wach you. So if you do it nicely imedietly they will take you as one of them, and if you do it as you are parking a car, then you are just another tourist.

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N.P. KORNATI & N.P. TELASCICA

Kornati diving

Kornati islands and Telascica bay are unique and hard to describe by words, so here are some photos to do it better.

Kornati diving and sailing
Kornati diving and sailing

About Kornati islands

The Kornat Islands are the densest archipelago in the Mediterranean. Nowhere else in this large sea is such a great number of islands together in so little space. Because of ambiguous criteria of the definition of an island in general, there is no general agreement about their number. But we think that we shall not err much if we determine their number at 150. The area pf the sea in which they are located is about 320 square kilometers.

Kornati diving and sailing
Kornati diving and sailing

 

The Walls of Kornati

Of all the artifacts that the Kornat hand had created the most important and most impressive is certainly the wall or, more precisely, the dry wall. One of the basic features of the dry walls is their orientation. Since all large islands are elongated, all the walls are built from sea to sea, i.e. from one side of the island to the other. The wall is exactly as high as it is necessary to prevent sheep jumping over it and crossing to someone's else's pasture. It is exactly as wide as it is necessary to prevent the force of the wind to break it.

Kornati diving and sailing

Another artifact in the Kornat karst attracts equal attention as the dry walls: isolated enclosures - olive groves surrounded with the dry walls. We find them in more than a hundred places in the archipelago, at "most unexpected" locations at that. On the steep sides of Škuj and Smokica, on the saddles of Smokvena and Gustac, on the gentle slopes of Njivica, Piškera, Žakan, Lavsa, Suha Punta, Statival, Pinezel, and Grba, on the level plateaus from Knježak to Šipnate.

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