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DIVERS INFO:

Rules for diving in Croatian waters
Sea Currents
Visibility
Sea Temperatures
Best time to come
Tides
Waves
Depth & Flags
Diving Federations valid in Croatia
Harbor masters

Decompression chambers in Croatia

Important telephone numbers

Frequently Asked Medical Questions - DAN
Women and diving - medical problems
Information about women divers





INFORMATION !!!!
IN CASE OF ANY EMERGENCY CALL
112 !!!!

RULES FOR DIVING IN CROATIAN WATERS

1. If you are diving over diving center which will organize diving you will need:
- your divers card from CMAS, PADI, SSI, NAUI, IANTD
- diving center price for diving

2. If you want to dive by yourself you will need
- your divers card from CMAS, PADI, SSI, NAUI, IANTD
- Ministry card from Harbor master (323 Euro per year sold in all Harbor master offices)

Diving is not permitted at the following locations:
1. In the areas of internal sea waters encompassing harbors, accesses to harbors, anchorage and the areas with a heavy traffic.
2. In the strict and special sea reservates, natural parks and other protected sea and undersea areas.
3. Near anchored warships and protected military facilities at the coastal edge on the distance of no less than 100 meters.
4. Brijuni, Krka national parks.

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SEA TEMPERATURE

The Adriatic Sea has a very marked annual change of the surface temperature. The average annual temperature is 11°C. During the winter, the sea is the coldest and the surface temperature is about 7°C; very seldom, it can drop below that too. In the spring, the sea becomes warmer, and the surface temperature rises to 18°C. In the summer the surface of the sea reaches a very high temperature, of up to 22 to 25°C, and in the southern Adriatic and Istria up to 27°C. In the Adriatic, thermoclines, i.e. parts of the water column of the same temperature, are very well distinguished. The thermocline is most evident during the summer, and, in the winter, the isothermal process arises, i.e. equaling of the temperature throughout the water column. In the summer, we can notice the first thermocline at the depth of 3 to 5 m, the next one is at about 12 m, and yet another one at 18 metes, while below 30 m the temperature is mostly constant throughout the year.

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VISIBILITY

In Northern Adriatic visibility is not as clear as in mid or south Adriatic
because of influence of the river Po and flowering of the sea.
In Mid and South Adriatic visibilities is excellent sometimes more than 50 meters.

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BEST TIME TO COME

Diving season starts during May and finishes in October, but the highest season is during July and August. Best months for divers which do not enjoy rushes and hard night life are during June & September.

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TIDES

In the Adriatic, the high and low tides have relatively small amplitudes. In the southern part, the difference is rarely above some forty centimeters, while in the northern part it is somewhat bigger, so that it comes to 1 meter in Istria and the Gulf of Trieste. In some narrow channels and bays, the high tide can grow considerably during a strong sirocco. That phenomenon is characteristic for big and deep bays of the southern Adriatic. The tides are of a mixed type, which means that their rhythm is semidiurnal during the new and full moon and of a daily type during the first and the last quarter. Their amplitudes are very irregular.

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SEA CURRENTS

Sea currents occur under the influence of winds, the difference in pressure, temperature, and the differences in salinity. With respect to the direction, they can be horizontal or vertical. There are also bottom currents which appear as the consequence of moving of water from warmer areas to colder ones, during which the surface layer gets cold and descends towards the seabed. Currents are weakly observable in the Adriatic.The speed of currents changes in particular areas, but it also depends on time periods. The average speed of currents is about 0.5 knots, but they can also reach the speed of 4 knots.

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WAVES

Waves occur primarily as the consequence of the blowing of winds. The bigger the reach, i.e. the surface across which the wind blows, the higher the waves will be. Their strength depends on the configuration and the exposure of the coast. In that way, mixing of the surface layer with water from the deep is enabled, and the interaction between the atmosphere and the sea. We distinguish the crest and the trough of a wave. The length of the wave is the distance between two troughs. Most often, heights of waves in the Adriatic are between 0.5 and 1.5 metres, and they very rarely exceed 5 metres.

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DEPTH & FLAGS

The area in which diving is performed must be visibly marked with an orange or red buoy or a diving flag. The maximum approved depth for sport and recreational diving is 40 meters.

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DIVING FEDERATIONS VALID IN CROATIA

BISAC - The British Sub - Aqua Club
CMAS - World Underwater Federation (Confederation Mondiale des Activites Subaquatiques)
IANTD - International Association of Nitrox and Technical Divers
NAUI - National Association of Underwater Instructors
PADI - Professional Association of Diving Instructors
SSI - Scuba School International
Temporary diving qualifications are not valid.

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HARBOR MASTERS IN CROATIA:

Pula Obala maršala Tita 18 ++385 (0)52 222 037
Rijeka Senjsko pristanište 3 ++385 (0)51 211 660
Zadar Liburnska obala 8, P.P.226 ++385 (0)51 211 660
Senj Obala kralja Zvonimira 12, P.P.1 ++385 (0)53 881 301
Šibenik Obala oslobodenja 8, P.P.51 ++385 (0)22 217 378
Split Obala Lazareta 1, P.P.31 ++385 (0)21 341 438
Ploče Trg kralja Tomislava 24 ++385 (0)20 679 008
Dubrovnik Obala S. Radica 37, P.P.31 ++385 (0)20 418 987

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DECOMPRESSION CHAMBERS IN CROATIA:

Split:
++385 (0)21 562- 035
++385 (0)21 562- 688
++385 (0)21 354- 511
++385 (0)21 361- 355

Pula:
++385 (0)52 217- 877, mob :098/255 945, 098/219 225

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IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBERS:

!!!! IN CASE OF ANY EMERGENCY CALL NUMBER 112

Medical emergency: 94

Police: 92

Center for stress and rescue: 9155, VHP channels 16,10.74

Ministry of Education and Sport
Ilica 24, 10 000 Zagreb,
++385 (0)1 430 287, 433 903

Croatian diving federation
++385 (0)1 4848 765

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INFORMATION ABOUT CROATIA:

GENERAL INFORMATION


Area: 56,691 km²,
with another 31,067 km² of territorial waters.

Population: 4,800,000

Capital:
Zagreb (1 million inhabitants the administrative, cultural, academic and traffic centre of the country).

Length of the coast:
5,835 km with 4,057 km of island coastline, islets and reefs.
Number of islands, islets and reefs: 1,185. The largest islands are Krk and Cres. There are 66 inhabited islands.

Climate: Northern Croatia has a continental climate, Central Croatia has a semi mountainous and mountainous climate, while the Croatian
coast has a Mediterranean climate.

National parks:
Brijuni, Kornati, Krka, Mljet, Paklenica, Plitvice Lakes, Risnjak and North-Velebit.
Nature Parks: Biokovo, Kopacki Rit, Lonjsko Polje, Medvednica, Papuk, Telašcica, Ucka, Vransko Lake, Velebit and Žumberak-Samobor Highlands.

Population: The majority of the population are Croats. The national minorities include Serbs, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Italians and others.
Official language and alphabet: the Croatian language and Latin alphabet.
Religions: The majority of the population are Roman Catholics, and there are some Orthodox, Muslim and other Christian followers.

Money: Kuna (1 Kuna = 100 Lipa). There are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Lipa and 1, 2 and 5 Kuna coins and 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 Kuna banknotes. Foreign currencies can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices and most tourist agencies, hotels and camping grounds. Eurocheques can be exchanged in banks. Banking hours are 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. from Monday to Friday. On Saturdays banks are open until 1 p.m. In the larger cities some banks are also open on Sundays.
Credit cards: Most hotels, restaurants and shops accept credit cards (American Express, Diners Club, Eurocard/Mastercard and Visa).
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz
Water: Tap water is drinkable throughout Croatia.

The telephone code for Croatia is +385.
Time zone: GMT plus one hour in winter and GMT plus two in summer.
Travel documentation: Passport or some other internationally recognised identification document. Tourists may remain in Croatia for up to three months.

For more information:
Diplomatic consulates of the Republic of Croatia
abroad or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Croatia.
Tel. 01 4569 964
Web: www.mvp.hr/mvprh-www-eng/index.html

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CULTURE

Cultural and historical monuments on the UNESCO World Heritage list:
- Diocletian's palace in Split
- the old centre of Trogir
- the Euphrasian Basilica in Porec
- city of Dubrovnik dating from the 13th century with arguably the world's best preserved Renaissance towers and walls.

There are other numerous historical and cultural monuments of exceptional beauty such as: Vespasian amphitheatre in Pula, the towns of Krk, Rab, Hvar, one of the oldest public theatres in the world on the island of Hvar, the church of St. Donat in Zadar, the cathedral in Šibenik etc., as well as around 50 medieval castles in inland Croatia.

Major Cultural Events

Zagreb Summer Festival (1 July - 15 August)
International Folk Dance Festival, Zagreb (19 - 23 July)
International Children's Festival in Šibenik (24 June 8 July)
Dubrovnik Summer Festival (10 July - 25 August)
Djakovo Embroidery (30 June to 2 July)
Split Summer (July, August)
Music Evenings in St. Donat, Zadar (4 July - 6 August)
Music Evenings in Osor (8 July - 26 August)
Sinjska Alka (6 August)
Istrian Cultural Summer (during the season)
Vinkovci Autumn (22 - 24 September)
Varaždin Baroque Evenings (24 September - 8 October)


Holy places:

Mother of God of Bistrica, Mother of God of Trsat, Our Lady of Sinj, Our Lady of the Island Solin, the Shine of our Lady of Vocin, Our Lady of Consolation Aljmaš, Mother of God of Remete, Mother of God of Jerusalem - Krapina, the Shrine of Jesus Christ's Precious Blood Ludbreg, St. Joseph's Karlovac.

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POLITICAL SITUATION

Croatian Adriatic sea is still clean, preserved and in a big part wild, not jet destroyed by overbuilding and Hotels. The reason for this is the war which was going on until ten years ago. The war affected territory was mainly on mainland and not in too many coast line cities except Dubrovnik, Sibenik and Zadar. Croatia applied to become a member of EU and has normal political and economical growth.
Now, ten years after the war tourism is one of the main Croatian economy branches.
Diving tourism is in exceeding growth for past 5 years and still razing.

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WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHILE DIVING IN CROATIA

Because of Natural differences between North Adriatic, Mid Adriatic and South Adriatic, Croatia offers big variety of great places for diving.

North Adriatic
North Adriatic, because of river Po (which comes in to the Adriatic in Venice, Italy) which has during thousands of years been pumping sand and mud in to the sea, so the depths are low, mostly down to 40 meters which is great for wrack diving. The most famous wrack is for sure Baron Gauch of coast from Rovinj and Pula.
Underwater nature is nice on some islands as Lošinj where you can find lots of different interesting underwater spaces and also the last large community of good dolphins (tursiops truncatus) in the North Adriatic inhabits the waters of Losinj.

Biggest problem in North Adriatic for divers is low visibility caused by flowering of the sea, which happens in some parts of the year.
Best diving locations are fare from the diving centers so the boat trips to and from diving locations are up to one hour, but worth a trip.
Most famous places to dive are Rovinj (cave in the island, Baron Gauch), Pula (National park Brioni, Baron Gauch), Lošinj (bio diversity, wracks, caves), Cres (wracks, caves).

Mid Adriatic and South Adriatic
From Kornati National park all the way down to Dubrovnik Adriatic is famous for huge dropoffs which on some places go from surface all the way down to more than 100 meters depth. For best diving sites you usually have to go on islands as Kornati, Vis, Korcula, Lastovo with the exception of coastal area of Rogoznica located on the top of peninsula which is most out toward the open sea. On these cliffs there are huge number of caves, cracks, corals, Gorgonia fans and different fish life. You can also find a huge number of wracks but only a smaller number is on accessible depths for recreational divers. Underwater visibility is much better than in North Adriatic sometimes up to 50 meters.

Most famous places to dive are National park Kornati (dropoffs), Rogoznica(dropoffs, eco dive, wracks, caves), Hvar (dropoffs), Vis (dropoffs, wracks, caves), Lastovo (dropoffs, wracks, caves), Korcula (dropoffs, wracks, caves), National park Mljet (bio diversity, dropoffs).

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